Q.  82 Are the bread and wine changed into the real body and blood of Christ?

A.   No.  Just as the water of baptism is not changed into Christ’s blood and does not itself wash away sins but is simply God’s sign and assurance,  so too the bread of the Lord’s Supper is not changed into the actual body of Christ  even though it is called the body of Christ  in keeping with the nature and language of sacraments.



Eph. 5:26; Tit. 3:5

Matt. 26:26-29

1 Cor. 10:16-17; 11:26-28

/4Gen. 17:10-11; Ex. 12:11, 13; 1 Cor. 10:1-4


Q. 84 Why then does Christ call the bread his body and the cup his blood, or the new covenant in his blood?



A.   Christ has good reason for these words. He wants to teach us that as bread and wine nourish our temporal life, so too his crucified body and poured-out blood truly nourish our souls for eternal life.  But more important, he wants to assure us, by this visible sign and pledge, that we, through the Holy Spirit’s work, share in his true body and blood as surely as our mouths receive these holy signs in his remembrance, and that all of his suffering and obedience are as definitely ours as if we personally had suffered and paid for our sins.


John 6:51, 55

1 Cor. 10:16-17; 11:26

Rom. 6:5-11

Frenetic Friday

You open the cupboard door there is a glimpse of it just behind the corn meal, you move the ingredients to the side and see Frenetic Friday.

And let’s just jump into politics, school politics.  In Meriwether County Georgia a local high school principal says he is being fired for praying with students during a volunteer Christian meeting.
Dr. Michael Lehr says that he stepped in for the Fellowship of Christian Athletes leader.  During which time he read from the bible and prayed with the people there.  Two days later at his annual evaluation he was put on indefinite leave until his contract runs out in June.  Several students and parents spoke out against what was happening.  The superintendent of the school isn’t commenting.  <source>

Bruce Jenner has been in the news, frankly at one point he was on every channel.  But the best thing I saw was this opinion piece by Russell Moore:

What Should the Church Say to Bruce Jenner?

In the 1970s Bruce Jenner seemed to have it all—fame, wealth, admiration. He was an Olympic star, so popular in American culture that he was reputedly considered for both the roles of Superman and James Bond. That’s changed. Now, Jenner is best known as the step-father on reality television’s Keeping Up with the Kardashians. Jenner is now ready for one more change. He says he knows what he’s been missing: his identity as a woman. ..Read more here

The Confessing Baptist has posted a link to 32 videos by National Center of Family Integrated Churches “Family  Foundations in Sound Doctrine” where they discuss the 1689 London Baptist confession. <source>

Now in tech news an enterprising coders has done what many would consider to be impossible.  An app that blocks any mention of the Kardashians basically it’s called KardBlock, and its makers say, quote, “If there’s anything on your newsfeed, the website you’re on, whatever . . . we simply make it disappear.

“You won’t ever know the stories about the Kardashians are there, because you won’t ever see them.”

I myself have a list myself of various annoyances that I would like blocked I wonder if they take suggestions? <source>

Do you remember the segway?  Yeah that never really caught on did it?  Well how about a unicycle?  A motorized unicycle introducing the Ninebot One:

Now ask yourself can you see business men riding to work on these things?

That is it for Frenetic Friday

Frenetic Friday

And here we are once more into the Frenetic Friday!

As you may know the Presbyterian Church USA (PCUSA) has changed the constitution’s definition of marriage from “a man and a woman” to “two people” and to allow their ministers to perform same-sex marriages where legal.

Many of my acquaintances expressed disbelief and outrage that they would do this. However, this really shouldn’t be a surprise the seeds of this was seen back in the 1920’s when J. Gresham Machen led the conservative revolt against the PCUSA and with some godly men created the Orthodox Presbyterian Church (OPC) which holds to the Westminister standards which the PCUSA rejected. So while this has been a long time coming there should be no mistake it was going to happen. Plus R.C. Sproul Jr. said it best on his podcast we should be outraged not at the fact that they have allowed same-sex marriage but at the fact that they have rejected the scripture and it’s clear teaching. (Keachfan paraphrase)

Now switching from religion to politics, did you know that Oregon has passed a bill that automatically makes every person who has reacted with the 2013 DMV will get a ballot in the mail. So basically you no longer have a choice you are registered to vote. Now some may think this is a good thing after all more voters mean more votes. But does that mean more informed voters? But wait there’s more!

President Obama has said in a non “specific policy prescription” that voting should be mandatory for all citizens pointing to countries like Australia and Belgium where if you don’t vote you are fined.

So let’s take this to the logical conclusion. Oregon passes a law that automatically makes you a voter whether you want to be one or not. Next Obama opines that mandatory voting should be the law of the land. What are the goals here? Well according to one analyst the goal is to get the disenfranchised, the minorities, and the poor a voice. But again will these voters be informed on the issues or just seduced by fancy slogans and promies? Will this really help? What if you don’t want to vote where is your right to opt out of the process? Plus if there are fines how is that an incentive to vote smart? Even though we may have the lowest voter turn out does forced voting make good citizens?

Now let’s jump over to Japan and a truly disturbing news item.

There is a scene in the Incredibles where the character Dash, a second grader, learns that he can run on water this causes him to give a out a delighted laugh. That is one of the sounds of children, laughter, there is also shouting, crying, cooing, if your a parent you know the sounds. Now imagine if you will (in my best Rod Serling voice) a country that has a negative population growth. In fact if it is at the point that if the trend doesn’t change there may not be enough people to sustain the country. With this in mind you would think that day cares for children would be a no brainer. Well you haven’t counted on the not in my backyard brigade. Many neighborhoods in Japan are saying they don’t want daycare in their neighborhoods. Children are too noisy they say and are suing to make sure they aren’t allowed. Not allowing children what a concept. Ultimately one that will result in no children at all. A government think tank has forecast that just 7 percent of the nation’s population will be under age 15 in 2060, in a worst-case scenario that sees the total population shrinking by more than a third to less than 80 million. (source

Now onto weird science. Danish scientists have created a crystal that can draw oxygen out of the air and water. Now this is to help those with respiratory problems so they don’t have to drag large canisters of oxygen with them. But this can also help divers using just the crystals they can carry small amounts of crystals instead of tanks and using the crystals get oxygen from the water. (source)

Robotic Over Lord Alert!
Do you see this?

This poor woman was attacked in her sleep when her robot vacuum cleaner came out and chomped on her hair. The fire department had to come and get her hair out of the jaws of the robot. (source)

But don’t despair our Robot Over Lords aren’t without mercy.

Here you see a drone taking a life preserver out to a drowning man. Because of the speed of the drone it can reach the man way before the lifeguard dropping the life preserver to the man so he can stay afloat until help arrives. (source)

And finally are you tired of how tv and movies portray Dads as bumbling, ignorant, boobs who fail in everything they do especially when it comes to parenting? Then this is for you my friend:

Good night!

Frenetic Friday at Last!

So much time and so little to do. Wait a minute. Strike that. Reverse it.

So next Tuesday is Saint Patrick’s day. If where you live is like where I live this weekend will be when they celebrate it. So I thought a little humor from our brothers over at Lutheran Satire would be appropriate.

Saint Patrick’s Bad Analogies

Well fun is fun but the historic Patrick was a beloved saint that brought true Christianity to Ireland where it flourished for 600 years until 1171 after Ireland was conquered by King Henry II and then in 1172 all the churches were forced to submit to the Roman Papacy.

Read about the historic Patrick here: The Legacy of the Historic Patrick

By the way the Highway is an awesome web site with great resources to learn about Christianity you really should check it out.

As the continuing saga of who can and can’t use a locker room continues the latest is from a Planet Fitness where a woman complained that a transgender “female” had come into the locker room where she was changing. Yvette Cournier complained to the management of Planet Fitness because she didn’t feel safe. She was told that Planet Fitness has a “no-judgment” policy, which includes the use of bathrooms and locker rooms by individuals based on “their sincere, self-reported gender identity.”

Cournier unsatisfied with this told as many women as she could in Planet Fitness that “[J]ust so you know, there’s a man they allow in this locker room and they don’t tell you that when you sign up.” This caused Planet Fitness to revoke her membership. But this isn’t the first incident of this in New York, in July of 2013 a transgender “man” was told to use the woman’s locker room at a public pool. Because of this a lawsuit against New York City for access to the public locker rooms. The transgender “man” said because of this confrontation “he” avoids all public locker rooms and restrooms. (Transgender man sues; Planet Fitness bars woman)

Denny Burk points to a “tough critique of transgenderism” an article by Carlos Flores a writer with the Witherspoon institute who says:

We should make public policy and encourage social norms that reflect the truth about the human person and sexuality, not obfuscate the truth about such matters and sow the seeds of sexual confusion in future generations for years to come.

Read Carlos Flores article here: The Absurdity of Transgenderism: A Stern but Necessary Critique

Chris Rosebrough of fighting for the faith is a great guy and a helpful guy that is why you should take a look at the Messed Up Church’s “Want Some False Doctrine in Your Life? Try These Handy Tips!” Now remember this should be what not to do.

Speaking of messed up churches seems that Presbyterian Church USA (PCUSA) is only seven votes away from changing their definition of marriage to include same-sex unions. Those churches in the PCUSA that don’t support this are of course leaving the denomination, 244 left in 2013 alone. Most say that this latest issue maybe the final nail in the coffin of this denomination. (PCUSA’s demise)

Those of us who remember college remember spring break, beach shorts, sand, embarrassing tattoos that you find after a drunken night. Not me, actually I worked during spring break.

But out of Panama City comes the news that local police wants to shut down the Tabernacle, a Life Center Church, has been running events for spring breakers that the local police says isn’t a youth ministry but rather is a club where spring breakers can party.

Seems the Life Center has a sign out front that reads: “Spring Break Amnesia, The Tabernacle.

The ATM parked right out front grabbed the attention of Sheriff McKeithen, so he went inside to check it out.”You turn around and you look at the walls on the church, and you see t-shirts with graphic explicit sexual pictures on them, and I’m scratching my head. How can this be a church, and this is going on,” said Sheriff McKeithen.

Tabernacle promoters told NewsChannel 7 they provide a safe place for spring breakers to sober up, but the sheriff disagrees, and so does Panama City Beach Police Chief Drew Whitman.

“It’s very disturbing, especially inside our city limits here in Bay County,” Chief Whitman said. “I think were better than that.”

( Law Enforcement Says Life Center Church is running a club)

So I went to Spring Break Amnesia just to check it out. And I found some interesting events planned.

Saturday: For the Pretty and the Nasty. This event is hosted by the Kappa Alpha Psi & Omega Psi Phi Fraternities. They are coming in from all different campuses to hit this event so who will win “The Pretty or The Nasty”
Pretty Nasty

Sunday: “Slumber” is a PAJAMA event hosted by the sexiest ladies on the beach!! That means come as you sleep, bring pillows, don’t forget your blankets, and most importantly your friends.

Monday: “Anything But Clothes” showcases your artistic side, featuring your mind & body. How creative can you be? Bare as you dare to attend (Toga, Body Paint, Etc..)
This IS NOT a nude event.
Anything but cloths

The pictures belong to the Spring Break Amnesia Cart page.

So you decide is this a club or is this a church?

And he was teaching them and saying to them, “Is it not written, ‘My house shall be called a house of prayer for all the nations’? But you have made it a den of robbers.” Mark 11:17 ESV

Good night see you next week.

Saturday for the Defense

9  The Documentary Hypothesis

In the 19th century, scholars began to discover more inconsistencies and anomalies in the Bible, and its compositional history appeared more complex than anyone had previously thought. In 1886, the German historian Julius Wellhausen proposed that the Hexateuch (the Pentateuch plus Joshua) was a composite of four distinct documents by different authors. These documents were labeled J (Jahwist), E (Elohist), D (Deuteronomist), and P (Priestly), and each has its own theology and agenda.

This theory explains overlapping or repetitive stories (“doublets”) such as the two accounts of Creation and the two accounts of the Flood—Genesis 7:17 describes a 40-day flood, while Genesis 8:3 describes one lasting 150 days. It is believed that later editors stitched together the multiple sources into one narrative, sometimes intertwining two versions of a single story and neglecting to iron out the seams, as can be seen in the Flood narrative.

The J source calls God “Yahveh,” or “Jahveh” in German, hence the designation “J.” It pictures God in anthropomorphic terms, appearing to people like Abraham face-to-face. E calls the deity “Elohim,” who shows Himself indirectly, as in dreams. D is the source for Deuteronomy as well as the books of Joshua, Judges, Samuel, and Kings. It defines God as having no form that anyone can see at all. P is cultic in its character and is obsessed with genealogies and lists.

More recently, the idea of four separate, complete, and coherent documents has come under question, but the composite character of the Pentateuch remains the commonly accepted view.

Continue reading “Saturday for the Defense”

Saturday for the Defense

I meant to start this series last Saturday, however that didn’t happen so putting my best foot forward here we go.

Every so often friends and relatives send me things mainly, in my opinion,  to irritate me because they know I am a Christian and they are not so they try to undermine my belief in the Bible.  The problem is typically they send me things that have been refuted multiple times.  When I point this out to them they typically respond with “That is just Christian hyperbole”.  When I point out that the persons who have refuted the statements are in fact PhD in their field they’ll claim that they are biased because they are Christian.    They are blind to their own presuppositions thinking that they are neutral when in fact they have a world view and perceive things through it.  Which is true of everyone including me.

So I was sent this list which was originally found here:  10 Theories About Who Really Wrote The Bible by Larry Jimenez

An ordinary Christian and a biblical scholar look at the Bible in tremendously different ways. The average churchgoer knows nothing of the textual problems beneath the familiar words. Bible scholars, however, consider the book a human artifact like any other. They have made it their life’s work to decode and deconstruct it from that perspective.

From studying the texts themselves, Bible scholars have come up with many theories on who actually wrote the scriptures. These theories provide serious challenges to traditional assumptions on Bible authorship.

10. Moses Did Not Write The Pentateuch

Jews and Christians widely believe that Moses wrote the first five books in the Bible. Beginning with some medieval rabbis, however, doubts about this claim have been raised. As an obvious starting point, Moses could not have written Deuteronomy 34:5–10, which speaks about his death. But this glaring inconsistency is just the beginning.

The books contain anachronisms that Moses could not have written. Genesis 36, for example, lists Edomite kings who lived long after Moses died. The Philistines are mentioned in Genesis, yet they did not arrive in Canaan until 1200 B.C., after the time of Moses.

Genesis 12:6 implies that the author was writing after the Canaanites had been driven out of the region, something that didn’t happen until the time of Moses’s successor Joshua. Similarly, a clue in Genesis 36:31 suggests that the text was written when Israel was already a monarchy. Genesis 24 mentions domesticated camels, but camels were not domesticated until much later. The caravan trade in Genesis 37:25 only flourished in the eighth and seventh centuries B.C.

An early explanation for these textual anomalies was that Moses wrote the core of the Pentateuch, but later editors, such as Ezra, made additions. But in 1670, the philosopher Baruch Spinoza first proposed that Moses did not pen any of these books at all. It was common practice in the ancient Near East to attribute a work to an ancestral hero, or even a god, to legitimize its message and contents. That is probably what happened here.

9  The Documentary Hypothesis

In the 19th century, scholars began to discover more inconsistencies and anomalies in the Bible, and its compositional history appeared more complex than anyone had previously thought. In 1886, the German historian Julius Wellhausen proposed that the Hexateuch (the Pentateuch plus Joshua) was a composite of four distinct documents by different authors. These documents were labeled J (Jahwist), E (Elohist), D (Deuteronomist), and P (Priestly), and each has its own theology and agenda.

This theory explains overlapping or repetitive stories (“doublets”) such as the two accounts of Creation and the two accounts of the Flood—Genesis 7:17 describes a 40-day flood, while Genesis 8:3 describes one lasting 150 days. It is believed that later editors stitched together the multiple sources into one narrative, sometimes intertwining two versions of a single story and neglecting to iron out the seams, as can be seen in the Flood narrative.

The J source calls God “Yahveh,” or “Jahveh” in German, hence the designation “J.” It pictures God in anthropomorphic terms, appearing to people like Abraham face-to-face. E calls the deity “Elohim,” who shows Himself indirectly, as in dreams. D is the source for Deuteronomy as well as the books of Joshua, Judges, Samuel, and Kings. It defines God as having no form that anyone can see at all. P is cultic in its character and is obsessed with genealogies and lists.

More recently, the idea of four separate, complete, and coherent documents has come under question, but the composite character of the Pentateuch remains the commonly accepted view.

8.  Deuteronomy Originated As Royal Propaganda
Deuteronomy means “Second Law.” It is theorized that the book was produced during the time of King Josiah in the seventh century to promulgate new laws strengthening the priesthood and creating a more exclusive religion for Judah.

The new set of laws reinterprets the old law given at Sinai in light of new political and social realities. Its language presupposes an audience living in established cities and towns with a central Temple. The legislation for a central sanctuary supersedes the earlier law in Exodus 20:24, suggesting that Deuteronomy was written long after Israel’s sojourn in the wilderness.

In 1805, W.M.L. De Wette theorized that the “Book of the Law” discovered in the Temple in Josiah’s reign was in fact Deuteronomy. Proponents of this view think that the document was deliberately planted to be conveniently discovered. The commands in Deuteronomy are identical to the reforms implemented by Josiah, and so the book may have been written by royal propagandists to give divine sanction to the king’s actions.

There is also evidence that Deuteronomy is a composite work, written in different time periods. The book found in the Temple was the main part. Individual passages, however, suggest that the Babylonian Exile of the sixth century B.C. had already happened. These passages may have been added at a later date.

7.  Daniel Is ‘Prophecy-After-The-Fact’

The Book of Daniel is often paired with the Book of Revelation as providing the road map of future end-time events. Many alleged prophecies in Daniel were fulfilled, but is that because Daniel was a divinely inspired seer?

Critical scholars see a more mundane explanation. Daniel might actually be a Jew from the Hellenistic period, not a person from the Babylonian court. His so-called prophecies were made ex eventu, or after the fact, so that he could pass himself off as a genuine seer.

The book itself betrays more than one author. Chapters 1–6 were written in Aramaic, while chapters 7–12 are in Hebrew. Daniel makes many historical errors when talking about the Babylonian period, the time in which he supposedly lived. For example, he claims that Belshazzar was the son of Nebuchadnezzar, but the Nabonidus Cylinder found in Ur names Nabonidus as Belshazzar’s actual father. Also, Belshazzar was a crown prince but never a king, contrary to Daniel’s claim. In Daniel 5:30, Daniel writes that a certain Darius the Mede conquered Babylon. It was actually Cyrus the Great, a Persian and not a Mede, who overthrew Babylon.

On the other hand, Daniel writes about events of the Hellenistic era with extreme accuracy. Chapter 11, presented as prophecy, is on the mark in every detail. This leads to the conclusion that Daniel was witness to these events but not to those of the Babylonian period, on which he is vague and unfamiliar.

Scholars thus place the writings of Daniel at around 167–164 B.C., during the persecution of the Jews by Syrian tyrant Antiochus Epiphanes. The book was meant as inspirational fiction to encourage the Jews in their time of trial. Daniel did take a shot at making a real prophecy, predicting the death of Antiochus in the Holy Land. This genuine prophecy turned out to be wrong. Antiochus actually died in Persia in 164 B.C.

6.  The Gospels Are Not Eyewitness Accounts

The four canonical gospels in the New Testament are anonymous. The names of Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John were not attached to them until the second century.

Whoever the original evangelists were, they never claimed they were reporting actual events they themselves saw. The gospels function more like religious advertisements than biographies of Jesus in that they are theologically motivated. Each presents a particular interpretation of Jesus in which Jesus serves as a spokesperson for an evangelist’s theological position.

In Matthew, the most Jewish of the Gospels, we hear Jesus proclaim the continuing validity of the Torah. In the gentile-oriented John, Jesus Himself breaks the Sabbath. Mark presents a Jesus who is in agony and distress before His death; the Johannine Jesus, by contrast, is calm and in total control.

Some scholars have proposed that the Gospels were written as midrash, a Jewish interpretative technique that reworks old scriptural narratives into new forms—a “remake,” as Hollywood would style it. Thus, Jesus’s 40-day sojourn in the desert parallels Moses’s 40 years of exile in Midian. When Jesus comes out of the desert announcing the Kingdom of God, that was taken from Moses returning from exile and proclaiming Israel’s coming liberation from slavery. The call of the Twelve Disciples was inspired by Elijah’s call of Elisha. And so on it goes—the gospels were constructed from bits and pieces of old stories but with new cast members and a new stage.

5.  Matthew and Luke Plagiarized Mark

The majority of New Testament scholars agree that Mark’s gospel was written first out of all four gospels. It is short, was written in poor Greek, and contains geographical and other errors.

Rather than being independent accounts of the life of Jesus, the gospels of Matthew and Luke can be shown to have borrowed heavily from Mark, in some instances even copying him almost verbatim. Matthew uses about 607 of Mark’s 661 verses; Luke incorporates 360.

To their credit, Matthew and Luke improved on Mark’s original text. They corrected grammar, style, accuracy, and theology.

For example, Mark 5:1 erroneously calls the eastern edge of the Sea of Galilee the country of the Gerasenes, which is actually more than 50 kilometers (30 mi) away. Matthew 8:28 substitutes the more plausible Gadara, a spa only 12 kilometers (8 mi) from the lake. In Mark 7:19, Jesus “declares all foods clean,” something the Torah-observant Matthew apparently disagreed with, since he didn’t copy the statement in his parallel account.

Mark wrongly attributes a quote from Malachi to Isaiah; Matthew 3:3 corrects this mistake. Mark’s more primitive Christology allows Jesus to be called “Lord” only once, and not by a Jew. In the more developed Christology of Matthew, “Lord” is used 19 times, and in Luke, it’s used 16 times.

4.  The Lost Gospel Q

Matthew and Luke share common material not found in Mark. Scholars suspect they had a document, now lost, as their source for these sayings, which they call “Q” (from the German Quelle, or source). We can reconstruct Q by noting the commonalities between Matthew and Luke. Q must have included such biblical gems as the Beatitudes and the Lord’s Prayer.

Verbal agreements between Matthew and Luke suggest the non-Markan material must have been taken from a written, not oral, source. Matthew and Luke could not have copied from each other because each has stories that contradict the other (e.g., the Birth Narrative and the Resurrection).

Q is largely a collection of sayings, not a narrative. Matthew and Luke put the sayings in a narrative context, and they used different styles. For example, Matthew incorporated the Beatitudes into Jesus’s Sermon on the Mount, while Luke chose to break up the same sermon and scatter it throughout his story.

The recovery of Q led researchers to a strange conclusion. Since Q does not contain any Passion story, whoever first wrote the document must have regarded Jesus as a teacher of wisdom and nothing more. Jesus’s death held no salvific significance for that writer.

3.  Simon Magus and Saint Paul Were The Same Person

While some of this article’s theories have been accepted by mainstream critical scholars, others venture into more speculative scenarios.

One of these concerns Simon Magus. Church fathers condemned him as the originator of Gnostic heresy, with its hostility to the God of the Jews and the Torah. So it may come as a shock that Paul, the foremost Christian apostle and author of much of our New Testament, might actually be the same person as Simon.

It is difficult to obtain a consistent train of thought from Paul’s epistles. The writings are rambling and disjointed with conflicting theologies. Did Paul uphold the Law or didn’t he? Did he allow women to participate in church or didn’t he? Did he seek approval for his gospel from men or didn’t he? Scholars such as Herman Detering and Robert Price propose the radical view that the Pauline letters have been interpolated into and reworked by later scribes to erase or tone down its Gnostic concepts. This made it more palatable to the infant proto-orthodox Roman Church. The unadulterated original letters, it is suggested, must be the work of Simon Magus or one of his followers.

Parallels exist between Simon and Paul. Simon was notorious for his encounter with the apostle Peter. In Galatians 2:11–14, Paul and Peter are at odds with each other. Simon was called the “Father of Heresies”; Paul was called the “Apostle of the Heretics.” Simon claimed to be someone great, saying “the small shall become great.” The Latin name “Paul” means “small.” The Jewish historian Josephus tells of a magician who may have been Simon whom he calls “Atomus” or “indivisible,” i.e., “small.”

If the identification of Paul with Simon is correct, a large part of the New Testament was founded on the works of an arch-heretic.

2.  The Pastoral Epistles Are Forgeries

The letters to Timothy and Titus differ from the writing style and theological focus of the genuine epistles of Paul. This suggests that the Pastorals were actually the work of a forger trying to ride on the coattails of Paul’s authority. Most scholars, not wanting to call the Pastorals “forgeries,” label them “pseudepigrapha” instead, which amounts to the same thing.

Of the 848 words (excluding proper names) found in the Pastorals, 306 were never used in the rest of the Pauline epistles. The vocabulary of the Pastorals is more like the language of popular Hellenistic philosophy than the language of Paul. The literary style also betrays the forger. While Paul uses dynamic and emotional Greek, the Pastorals are serene and meditative. Finally, the letters focus on issues of more concern to an emerging second-century Catholicism than to a first-century Paul, such as church organization and the preservation of tradition. In writing the Pastorals, the emergent Church transformed Paul from a Gnostic “Apostle of the Heretics” to a defender of proto-orthodoxy.

Professor David Trobisch has a suspect in mind for the forgery: Bishop Polycarp of Smyrna. Trobisch says that Polycarp virtually signs his name in II Timothy 4: “The cloak that I left at Troas, with Carpus, when thou comest, bring with thee, and the books, especially the parchments.” The name Carpus, unlike the others in this chapter, never appears in Acts or the earlier letters of Paul. Here, Carpus is said to have Paul’s “cloak”; that is, he had taken on Paul’s mantle. He also had Paul’s writing materials. A later verse mentions a fellow named Crescens, and though he never appears anywhere else in the canonical epistles, a Crescens is mentioned in the Epistle of Polycarp.

1.  John Did Not Write Revelation

The traditional view that Jesus’s disciple John wrote the Book of Revelation was questioned as early as the third century. Christian writer Dionysus of Alexandria, using the critical methods still employed by modern scholars, spotted the difference between the elegant Greek of John’s gospel and the crudely ungrammatical prose of Revelation. The works could not have been written by the same person.

Dionysus noted that the John of Revelation identifies himself in the work, while the John of the gospel does not. He argued that the two men simply shared the same name.

Contemporary scholars have added their own insights into the problem. It is now theorized that the real author was a Jew who opposed the Pauline version of Christianity, with its Gentile elements and Torah-free salvation. The author calls a Pauline church in Smyrna a “synagogue of Satan” and a female leader of another in Thyatira “Jezebel.” In short, he was not someone we would call Christian today.

In fact, Revelation might have been originally written even before Christianity. References to Jesus Christ would then have been inserted only later to Christianize the document. These are mostly clustered around chapters 1 and 22, with just a scattering elsewhere. Surprisingly, these verses can be removed without disturbing the structure and flow of the surrounding verses, keeping the meaning and sense of the text intact. This suggests that the original Book of Revelation had nothing at all to do with Jesus.


So over the next following Saturdays I will be examining these ten statements and pointing out their presuppositions and errors stay tuned.

Frenetic Friday: Heresy, Orthodox, and Other Stuff

So today has been interesting the President of the United States has been busy going to fund raisers while people are asking what he is going to do about MH#17 with no definite answer forth coming.  Hopefully this will change as it is obvious that this is getting out of hand.

However, in my news feed has been a variety of articles and video regarding people who have gone from orthodox Christianity to heresy.

Case in point here is Brian McLaren someone who went from orthodox teaching to heresy talking with Frank Schaeffer son of the late Francis Schaeffer  who has come out against his father and his teachings.  Here in the video Frank Schaeffer talks about his new book Why I am an Atheist who believes in God.

Next we have the first baptist church in Kentucky who has decided to hold a same-sex wedding.  The two men in question have been regular attenders at the church and the pastor and the deacons have decided that if they can allow the two gay men to become members in the church then they must also allow them to marry each other.  No bible was consulted in this decision.

John MacArthur of Grace To You has something to say regarding this:  They are Satan”s Church

“They have no allegiance to the Bible,” he said. “You go back to every one of those seminaries … for a century [they] have been deniers of biblical authority, they have no relationship to scripture, they are the apostate church, they are Satan’s church.”

Lastly we have a comment from Michael Avramovich from the Touchstone Blog who asks:  After  Homosexual “Marriage” are  Pedophilia and Incest Acceptance  Next?

As a regular reader of Salvo magazine, I have seen the articles on efforts to “normalize” pedophilia.  But I have noticed that there have been some accelerating steps regarding the acceptance of pedophilia, and I wonder whether my readers have noticed.  First, there is the academic foundation for pedophilia acceptance.  Read more here

Next let’s turn to news from the world of Marvel Comics.  Seems Thor son of Odin is about to become Thor daughter of Odin.  Yes the current Thor isn’t worthy enough to hold the mighty Mjölnir so a woman will take up the mantle and become Thor.  Because Marvel is owned by Disney this was announced on The View where Whoppi Goldberg said: “Thor he messed up, and he’s no longer worthy to hold that damn hammer of his. For the first time in history, that hammer is being held by a woman. That’s right. Thor is a woman!”

So just a thought here let’s do a little syllogism:

Marvel is owned by Disney

Odin is a King

Thor is a prince

That means Thor is now a Disney Princess!

This may be a sign of Ragnarök  I am not sure.

Do you want to see the blackest black?  Well here is a picture of the blackest black.


This is called vantablack it is a substance created by Surrey Nanosystems it reflects 0.04 percent of the light that shines on it.  It is the closest thing to seeing a black hole here on earth.  (From the Nerdist) But here is the coolest thing ever the Gaboon Pit Viper’s black scales do the same thing as vantablack!  Granted the viper’s scales aren’t as efficient as vantablack but even so it is still amazing.

And now for something completely different:  A man puts on his pants without using his hands.

Seriously who sits down and thinks about how to do these things?  I mean really was he sitting on his couch in his bvds thinking I wonder if I can get my pants on with out my hands.  And then film it.

That is it for this Friday.  Come back again next week.





Earworm Wednesday: Baba Yetu Angel City Chorale

If you have ever played Civilization IV you have heard this song composed by Christopher Tin. What you may not have know is that this is the Lord’s Prayer in Swahill.  Enjoy.

Swahili English
“Baba Yetu”
Baba yetu, Yetu uliye
Mbinguni yetu, Yetu amina!
Baba yetu Yetu uliye
Jina lako e litukuzwe.Utupe leo chakula chetu
Tunachohitaji utusamehe
Makosa yetu, hey!
Kama nasi tunavyowasamehe
Waliotukosea usitutie
Katika majaribu, lakini
Utuokoe, na yule, muovu e milele!

Ufalme wako ufike utakalo
Lifanyike duniani kama mbinguni. Amina.

Our Father, who art
in Heaven. Amen!
Our Father,
Hallowed be thy name.Give us this day our daily bread,
Forgive us of
our trespasses
As we forgive others
Who trespass against us
Let us not fall in temptation, but
deliver us from the evil one forever.

Thy kingdom come, thy will be done
On Earth as it is in Heaven. Amen.

Above translation provided by Wikipedia

Saturday Special: Joel Osteen does he preach the gospel?

So I was on twitter and one of the people I follow tweeted to me a Joel Osteen quote.  I challenged him on this and through the conversation I told him that I would post on the blog why I think that Joel Osteen is a wolf in sheep’s clothing.

First the gospel:  Now I would remind you, brothers, of the gospel I preached to you, which you received, in which you stand, and by which you are being saved, if you hold fast to the word I preached to you—unless you believed in vain.

For I delivered to you as of first importance what I also received: that Christ died for our sins in accordance with the Scriptures, that he was buried, that he was raised on the third day in accordance with the Scriptures, 1Cor.15:1-4

As Paul has succinctly put here is the gospel, this is what we received, this is what we stand in, and this is what is saving us.  It consists of:

  • 1. We are sinners
  • 2. Christ died for our sins
  • 3. That all of this is in accordance to the Scriptures
  • 4.  That Christ was buried
  •  5. That Christ was raised on the third day in accordance with the Scriptures.

If the gospel that Joel Osteen preaches doesn’t have these elements in it then it is a false gospel.

So let’s take a look at what Joel Osteen has said about sin:

“Listen; don’t dangle people over the fires of hell. Lisa and I always kid about you know we’re going to dangle them over the fires of hell. Listen, that doesn’t draw people to God. They know what kind of life they live. They know how bad they’ve lived. What you’ve got to do is talk about the goodness of God. Listen, it’s the goodness of God that brings people to repentance. It’s the goodness of God. One thing I always appreciated about my dad is that he instilled into us a good vision of who God was. We learned about a good God.” [Sermon: What the Resurrection Means to Us As Believers

So Joel Osteen is reluctant to talk about the severity of sin where sin leads to or how that God hates all evildoers (Ps. 5:5), hates the wicked (Ps.11:5) and that sinners are children of wrath (Eph. 2:3)

So what does Joel Osteen say about Christ dying for our sins?  Well here is a snippet from a sermon.

For three days Jesus fought with the enemy. It was the battle of the ages, light versus darkness, good versus evil. But thank God Satan was no match for Jesus.” (Joel Osteen, Discover the Champion in You, TBN, April 26, 2004)

Osteen describes what took place in typical word faith color, “He grabbed Satan by the nap [sic] of his neck and He began to slowly drag him down the corridors of hell. All beat up and bruised because He wanted to make sure that every single demon saw very clearly that Jesus was indeed the undisputed Champion of all time!” ( Joel Osteen, “The Truth of Resurrection,” April 23, 2000, Lakewood Church, Sermons, (Cited fromBob Hunter Christianity Still in Crisis? A Word of Faith Update JAW455)

Wow even if Osteen is using hyperbole and I don’t think he is, is this how scripture describes Christ dying for our sins?  Instead of being victorious over sin, death and the grave at the cross Jesus had a fist fight with Satan in hell?  Instead Hebrews 10:10 tells us that we saved by Christ’s offering his body on the cross, that it was his blood that saved us (1Peter 1:9) so it was at the cross that our salvation was accomplished.,

And what about the scripture well when commenting on the lack of scripture in his books Osteen said this:  (From a Larry King interview)

My message, I wanted to reach the mainstream. We’ve reached the church audience. So I just try to, what I do is just try to teach practical principles. I may not bring the scripture in until the end of my sermon and i might feel bad about that. Here’s the thought. I talked yesterday about living to give. That’s what a life should be about. I brought in at the end about some of the scriptures that talk about that. But same principal in the book.

Lastly this is what Joel Osteen preached on the resurrection:

We have a reason to celebrate every day because we serve a God who is alive and filled with resurrection power! Not only did He resurrect Jesus from the dead, but He wants to extend His resurrection power to every area of your life, today!

Maybe you have a dream to get out of debt, pay off your house or be free from that burden of lack, but it looks like it’s impossible in the natural. Business is slow. The economy is down. You’ve gone as far as your education allows. But God is saying, “I’m not limited by those things. I’ve got resurrection power. I can give you one break that will thrust you to a new level. I can open up doors that no man can shut. I can bring talent out of you that you didn’t know you had. I can cause people, for no reason, to go out of their way to want to be good to you.”

Your part is to keep believing today, knowing that He wants to bring you into supernatural increase. Remember, He is risen, He is alive, and He is faithful to His Word. Trust Him today and let His resurrection power work in your life!

So I have to ask is this the gospel?  Is this what Paul taught us that saves us and keeps us?  I don’t thinks so this isn’t any gospel that saves people.

See also:

Staying in his Lane~Albert Mohler

Does Joel Osteen not know or does he not care? ~Albert Mohler

Become a better you:  Reflections on Joel Osteen’s latest book ~Michael Horton


Frenetic Friday

Okay let’s just get it over with Happy Single Awareness Day!

There feel better?  Oh and here let remember the man whose day this is based upon.

valentine saint

How’s that chocolate tasting now?

Next Culture Wars:

Facebook has decided to add a new gender(s) to their list.  Yes no longer are you male or female now you can explore your possibilities.  feh

Kansas has OK’d a bill that would add right to refuse service to gay couples based upon religious views.  This has raised the ire of the gay rights supporters saying that this would make them second class citizens.  Yes it is so much better to make religious people into second class citizens.  Because it is after all about tolerance unless your religious that is and especially if you hold to orthodox Christian beliefs.

Now for the moment of WHAT?

There is in central Virginia a congregation that believes in baring more than just their souls they want to bare their bodies too.  Yes they are nudists and hold services with none or little to none on during worship.  The pastor says: “it’s not about the clothes, or lack thereof. He says it’s about baring his soul to Christ and leading his flock down that path of righteousness, no matter what they’re wearing.”  Somehow when I read my bible worshipping in the nude isn’t really listed going down the path of righteousness.

Have a good weekend worship God this Sunday.