Catechism


What is sin?

    Sin is rejecting or ignoring God in the world he created, rebelling against him by living without reference to him, not being or doing what he requires in his law—resulting in our death and the disintegration of all creation.

    1 John 3:4

    Everyone who makes a practice of sinning also practices lawlessness; sin is lawlessness.

    Catechism


    Can anyone keep the law of God perfectly?

      Since the fall, no mere human has been able to keep the law of God perfectly, but consistently breaks it in thought, word, and deed.

      Romans 3:10–12

      None is righteous, no, not one; no one understands; no one seeks for God. All have turned aside; together they have become worthless; no one does good, not even one.

      Catechism 


      What does God require in the ninth and tenth commandments?

        Ninth, that we do not lie or deceive, but speak the truth in love. Tenth, that we are content, not envying anyone or resenting what God has given them or us.

        James 2:8

        If you really fulfill the royal law according to the Scripture, “You shall love your neighbor as yourself,” you are doing well.

        Catechism


        What does God require in the sixth, seventh, and eighth commandments?

          Sixth, that we do not hurt, or hate, or be hostile to our neighbor, but be patient and peaceful, pursuing even our enemies with love. Seventh, that we abstain from sexual immorality and live purely and faithfully, whether in marriage or in single life, avoiding all impure actions, looks, words, thoughts, or desires, and whatever might lead to them. Eighth, that we do not take without permission that which belongs to someone else, nor withhold any good from someone we might benefit.

          Romans 13:9

          For the commandments, “You shall not commit adultery, You shall not murder, You shall not steal, You shall not covet,” and any other commandment, are summed up in this word: “You shall love your neighbor as yourself.”

          Catechism


          What does God require in the fourth and fifth commandments?

            Fourth, that on the Sabbath day we spend time in public and private worship of God, rest from routine employment, serve the Lord and others, and so anticipate the eternal Sabbath. Fifth, that we love and honor our father and our mother, submitting to their godly discipline and direction.

            Leviticus 19:3

            Every one of you shall revere his mother and his father, and you shall keep my Sabbaths: I am the Lord your God.

            Catechism


            What does God require in the first, second, and third commandments?

              First, that we know and trust God as the only true and living God.Second, that we avoid all idolatry and do not worship God improperly. Third, that we treat God’s name with fear and reverence, honoring also his Word and works.

              Deuteronomy 6:13–14

              It is the Lord your God you shall fear. Him you shall serve and by his name you shall swear. You shall not go after other gods, the gods of the peoples who are around you.

              Catechism 


              What is the law of God stated in the Ten Commandments?

                You shall have no other gods before me. You shall not make for yourself an idol in the form of anything in heaven above or on the earth beneath or in the waters below—you shall not bow down to them or worship them. You shall not misuse the name of the LORD your God. Remember the Sabbath day by keeping it holy. Honor your father and your mother. You shall not murder. You shall not commit adultery. You shall not steal. You shall not give false testimony. You shall not covet.

                Exodus 20:3 and Deuteronomy 5:7

                You shall have no other gods before me.