Q. 146 What does the fifth request mean?
A. “Forgive us our debts, as we also have forgiven our debtors” means, Because of Christ’s blood, do not hold against us, poor sinners that we are, any of the sins we do or the evil that constantly clings to us. Forgive us just as we are fully determined, as evidence of your grace in us, to forgive our neighbors.
Ps. 51:1-7; 143:2; Rom. 8:1; 1 John 2:1-2
Matt. 6:14-15; 18:21-35
Q. 147 What does the sixth request mean?
A. “And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from the evil one” means, By ourselves we are too weak to hold our own even for a moment.1 And our sworn enemies–the devil,2 the world,3 and our own flesh—4 never stop attacking us. And so, Lord, uphold us and make us strong with the strength of your Holy Spirit, so that we may not go down to defeat in this spiritual struggle,5 but may firmly resist our enemies until we finally win the complete victory.6
Ps. 103:14-16; John 15:1-5
2 Cor. 11:14; Eph. 6:10-13; 1 Pet. 5:8
Rom. 7:23; Gal. 5:17
Matt. 10:19-20; 26:41; Mark 13:33; Rom. 5:3-5
1 Cor. 10:13; 1 Thess. 3:13; 5:23
Q. 144 What does the third request mean?
A. “Your will be done on earth as it is in heaven” means, Help us and all people to reject our own wills and to obey your will without any back talk. Your will alone is good. Help us one and all to carry out the work we are called to, as willingly and faithfully as the angels in heaven.
Matt. 7:21; 16:24-26; Luke 22:42; Rom. 12:1-2; Tit. 2:11-12
1 Cor. 7:17-24; Eph. 6:5-9
Q. 145 What does the fourth request mean?
A. “Give us today our daily bread” means, Do take care of all our physical needs so that we come to know that you are the only source of everything good, and that neither our work and worry nor your gifts can do us any good without your blessing. And so help us to give up our trust in creatures and to put trust in you alone.
Ps. 104:27-30; 145:15-16; Matt. 6:25-34
Acts 14:17; 17:25; James 1:17
Deut. 8:3; Ps. 37:16; 127:1-2; 1 Cor. 15:58
Ps. 55:22; 62; 146; Jer. 17:5-8; Heb. 13:5-6
Q. 142 What does the first request mean?
A. “Hallowed be your name” means, Help us to really know you,to bless, worship, and praise you for all your works and for all that shines forth from them: your almighty power, wisdom, kindness, justice, mercy, and truth. And it means, Help us to direct all our living–what we think, say, and do–so that your name will never be blasphemed because of us but always honored and praised.
Jer. 9:23-24; 31:33-34; Matt. 16:17; John 17:3Ex. 34:5-8; Ps. 145; Jer. 32:16-20; Luke 1:46-55, 68-75; Rom. 11:33-36 Ps. 115:1; Matt. 5:16
Q. 143 What does the second request mean?
A. “Your kingdom come” means, Rule us by your Word and Spirit in such a way that more and more we submit to you. Keep your church strong, and add to it. Destroy the devil’s work; destroy every force which revolts against you and every conspiracy against your Word. Do this until your kingdom is so complete and perfect that in it you are all in all.
Ps. 119:5, 105; 143:10; Matt. 6:33
Ps. 122:6-9; Matt. 16:18; Acts 2:42-47
Rom. 16:20; 1 John 3:8
Rom. 8:22-23; 1 Cor. 15:28; Rev. 22:17, 20
Q. 140 Why did Christ command us to call God “our Father”
A. At the very beginning of our prayer Christ wants to kindle in us what is basic to our prayer–the childlike awe and trust that God through Christ has become our Father. Our fathers do not refuse us the things of this life; God our Father will even less refuse to give us what we ask in faith.
Matt. 7:9-11; Luke 11:11-13
Q. 141 Why the words “in heaven”?
A. These words teach us not to think of God’s heavenly majesty as something earthly, and to expect everything for body and soul from his almighty power.
Jer. 23:23-24; Acts 17:24-25
Matt. 6:25-34; Rom. 8:31-32
Q. 135 Why do Christians need to pray?
A. Because prayer is the most important part of the thankfulness God requires of us. And also because God gives his grace and Holy Spirit only to those who pray continually and groan inwardly, asking God for these gifts and thanking him for them.
Ps. 50:14-15; 116:12-19; 1 Thess. 5:16-18
Matt. 7:7-8; Luke 11:9-13
Q. 136 How does God want us to pray so that he will listen to us?
A. First, we must pray from the heart to no other than the one true God, who has revealed himself in his Word, asking for everything he has commanded us to ask for. Second, we must acknowledge our need and misery, hiding nothing, and humble ourselves in his majestic presence. Third, we must rest on this unshakable foundation: even though we do not deserve it, God will surely listen to our prayer because of Christ our Lord. That is what he promised us in his Word.
Ps. 145:18-20; John 4:22-24; Rom. 8:26-27; James 1:5; 1 John 5:14-15
2 Chron. 7:14; Ps. 2:11; 34:18; 62:8; Isa. 66:2; Rev. 4
Dan. 9:17-19; Matt. 7:8; John 14:13-14; 16:23; Rom. 10:13; James 1:6
Q. 131 What is the tenth Commandment?
A. Thou shalt not covet thy Neighbours House, nor his Wife, nor his Servant, nor his Maid, nor his Ox, nor his Ass, nor any thing that is his.
Q. 132 What is God’s will for you in the tenth commandment?
A. That not even the slightest thought or desire contrary to any one of God’s commandments should ever arise in my heart. Rather, with all my heart I should always hate sin and take pleasure in whatever is right.
Ps. 19:7-14; 139:23-24; Rom. 7:7-8
Q. 129. What is the ninth Commandment?
A. Thou shalt not bear false Witness against thy Neighbour.
Q. 130 What is God’s will for you in the ninth commandment?
A. God’s will is that I never give false testimony against anyone, twist no one’s words, not gossip or slander, nor join in condemning anyone without a hearing or without a just cause. Rather, in court and everywhere else, I should avoid lying and deceit of every kind; these are devices the devil himself uses, and they would call down on me God’s intense anger. I should love the truth, speak it candidly, and openly acknowledge it. And I should do what I can to guard and advance my neighbor’s good name.
Ps. 15; Prov. 19:5; Matt. 7:1; Luke 6:37; Rom. 1:28-32
Lev. 19:11-12; Prov. 12:22; 13:5; John 8:44; Rev. 21:8
1 Cor. 13:6; Eph. 4:25
1 Pet. 3:8-9; 4:8
Q. 126 What is the eighth Commandment?
A. Thou shalt not steal.
Q. 127 What does God forbid in the eighth commandment?
A. He forbids not only outright theft and robbery, punishable by law. But in God’s sight theft also includes cheating and swindling our neighbor by schemes made to appear legitimate, such as: inaccurate measurements of weight, size, or volume; fraudulent merchandising; counterfeit money; excessive interest; or any other means forbidden by God. In addition he forbids all greed and pointless squandering of his gifts.
Ex. 22:1; 1 Cor. 5:9-10; 6:9-10
Mic. 6:9-11; Luke 3:14; James 5:1-6
Deut. 25:13-16; Ps. 15:5; Prov. 11:1; 12:22; Ezek. 45:9-12; Luke 6:35
Luke 12:15; Eph. 5:5
Prov. 21:20; 23:20-21; Luke 16:10-13
Q. 128 What does God require of you in this commandment?
A. That I do whatever I can for my neighbor’s good, that I treat others as I would like them to treat me, and that I work faithfully so that I may share with those in need.
Isa. 58:5-10; Matt. 7:12; Gal. 6:9-10; Eph. 4:28
Q. 108 May we then not make any image at all?
A. God can not and may not be visibly portrayed in any way. Although creatures may be portrayed, yet God forbids making or having such images if one’s intention is to worship them or to serve God through them.
Ex. 34:13-14, 17; 2 Kings 18:4-5
Q. 109 But may not images be permitted in the churches as teaching aids for the unlearned?
A. No, we shouldn’t try to be wiser than God. He wants his people instructed by the living preaching of his Word not by idols that cannot even talk.
Rom. 10:14-15, 17; 2 Tim. 3:16-17; 2 Pet. 1:19
Jer. 10:8; Hab. 2:18-20
Q. 106. What is the Second Commandment?
A. Thou shalt make to thee no graven Image, nor the Likeness of any thing which is in Heaven above, or in he Earth beneath, nor in the Waters under the Earth: thou shalt not bow down to them, nor worsip them, for I the Lord thy God and a jealous God, and visit the sins of the Fathers upon the Children, unto the third and fourth Generation of them that hate me, and shew Mercy to thousands of them which love me, and keep my Commandments.
Q. 107 What is God’s will for us in the second commandment?
A. That we in no way make any image of God nor worship him in any other way than he has commanded in his Word.
Deut. 4:15-19; Isa. 40:18-25; Acts 17:29; Rom. 1:22-23
Lev. 10:1-7; 1 Sam. 15:22-23; John 4:23-24