Q. 46 What do you mean by saying, “He ascended to heaven”?
A. That Christ, while his disciples watched, was lifted up from the earth to heaven and will be there for our good until he comes again to judge the living and the dead.
Luke 24:50-51; Acts 1:9-11
Rom. 8:34; Eph. 4:8-10; Heb. 7:23-25; 9:24
Q. 47 But isn’t Christ with us until the end of the world as he promised us?
A. Christ is truly human and truly God. In his human nature Christ is not now on earth; but in his divinity, majesty, grace, and Spirit he is not absent from us for a moment.
Acts 1:9-11; 3:19-21
Matt. 28:18-20; John 14:16-19
Q. 48 If his humanity is not present wherever his divinity is, then aren’t the two natures of Christ separated from each other?
A. Certainly not. Since divinity is not limited and is present everywhere, it is evident that Christ’s divinity is surely beyond the bounds of the humanity he has taken on, but at the same time his divinity is in and remains personally united to his humanity.
Jer. 23:23-24; Acts 7:48-49 (Isa. 66:1)
John 1:14; 3:13; Col. 2:9
Q. 49 How does Christ’s ascension to heaven benefit us?
A. First, he pleads our cause in heaven in the presence of his Father. Second, we have our own flesh in heaven–a guarantee that Christ our head will take us, his members, to himself in heaven. Third, he sends his Spirit to us on earth as a further guarantee. By the Spirit’s power we make the goal of our lives, not earthly things, but the things above where Christ is, sitting at God’s right hand.
Rom. 8:34; 1 John 2:1
John 14:2; 17:24; Eph. 2:4-6
John 14:16; 2 Cor. 1:21-22; 5:5
Q. 29 Why is the Son of God called “Jesus”, meaning ” savior “?
A. Because he saves us from our sins. Salvation cannot be from anyone else; it is futile to look for any salvation elsewhere.
Matt. 1:21; Heb. 7:25
Isa. 43:11; John 15:5; Acts 4:11-12; 1Tim. 2:5
Q. 30 Do those who look for their salvation and security in saints, in themselves, or elsewhere really believe in the only savior Jesus?
A. No. Although they boast of being his, by their deeds they deny the only savior and deliver, Jesus. Either Jesus is not a perfect savior, or those who in true faith accept this savior have in him all they need for their salvation.
1Cor. 1:12-13; Gal. 5:4
Col. 1:19-20; 2:10; 1John 1:7
Q. 27 What do you understand by the providence of God?
A. Providence is the almighty and ever present power of God by which he upholds, as with his hand, heaven and earth and all creatures, so rules them that leaf and blade, rain and drought, fruitful and lean years, food and drink, health and sickness, prosperity and poverty— all things, in fact, come to us not by chance but from his fatherly hand.
Jer. 23:23-24; Acts 17:24-28
Jer. 5:24; Acts 14:15-17; John 9:3; Prov. 22:2
Q. 28 How does the knowledge of God’s creation and providence help us?
A. We can be patient when things go against us, thankful when things go well, and for the future we can have good confidence in our faithful God and Father that nothing will separate us from his love. All creatures are so completely in his hand that without his will they can neither move nor be moved.
Job 1:21-22; James 1:3
Deut. 8:10; 1Thess. 5:18
Ps. 55:22; Rom. 5:3-5; 8:38-39
Job 1:12; 2:6; Prov. 21:1; Acts 17:24-28
Q. 26. What do you believe when you say, “I believe in God, the Father almighty, creator of heaven and earth”?
A. That the eternal Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who out of nothing created heaven and earth and everything in them, who still upholds and rules them by his eternal counsel and providence, is my God and Father because of Christ his Son. I trust him so much that I do not doubt he will provide whatever I need for body and soul, and he will turn to my good whatever adversity he sends me in this sad world. He is able to do this because he is almighty God; he desires to do this because he is a faithful Father.
Gen. 1&2; Ex. 20:11; Ps. 33:6; Isa. 44:24; Acts 4:24; 14:15
Ps. 104; Matt. 6:30; 10:29; Eph. 1:11
John 1:12-13; From. 8:15-16; Gal. 4:4-7; Eph. 1:5
Ps. 55:22; Matt. 6:25-26; Luke 12:22-31
Gen. 18:14; Rom. 8:31-39;
Q. 25 Since there is but one God, why do you speak of three: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit?
A. Because that is how God has revealed himself in his Word these three distinct persons are one, true, eternal God.
Deut. 6:4; 1Cor. 8:4,6;
Matt. 3:16-17; 28:19-19; Luke 4:18 (Is a. 61:1); John 14:26; 15:26; 2Cor. 13:14;
Gal. 4:6; Tit. 3:5-6
Q. 23 What are these articles?
A. I believe in God, the Father almighty, creator of heaven and earth. I believe in Jesus Christ, his only Son, our Lord, who was conceived by the Holy Spirit and born of the virgin Mary. He suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, died, and was buried; he descended to hell. The third day he rose again from the dead. He ascended to heaven and is seated at the right hand of God the Father almighty. From there he will come to judge the living and the dead. I believe in the Holy Spirit, the holy catholic church, the communion of saints, the forgiveness of sins, the resurrection of the body, and the life everlasting. Amen
Q. 24 How are these articles divided?
A. Into three parts: God the Father and our creation; God the Son and our deliverance; God the Holy Spirit and our sanctification.
Q. 19. How do you come to know this?
A. The holy gospel tells me. God himself began to reveal the gospel already in Paradise; later he proclaimed it by the holy patriarchs and prophets, and portrayed it by the sacrifices and other ceremonies of the law; finally, he fulfilled it through his own dear Son.
Gen. 22:18; 49:10
Isa. 53; Jer. 23:5-6; Mic. 7:18-20; Acts 10:43; Heb. 1:1-2
Lev. 1-7; John 5:46; Heb. 10:1-10
Rom. 10:4; Gal. 4:4-5; Col. 2:17
Q. 20 Are all saved through Christ just as all were lost through Adam?
A. No. Only those are saved who by true faith are grafted into Christ and accepts all his blessings.
Matt. 7:14; John 3:16, 18, 36; ROM. 11:16-21
Q.17 Why must he also be true God?
A. So that by the power of his divinity, he might bear the weight of God’s anger and in his humanity earn for us and restore to us righteouness and life.
Isa. 53; John 3:16; 2Cor. 5:21
Q. 18 And who is this mediator–true God and at the same time truly human and truly righteous?
A. Our Lord Jesus Christ, who was given to us to set us completely free and to make us right with God.
Matt. 1:21-23; Luke 2:11; 1Tim. 2:5; 1Cor.1:30
Q. 15. What kind of mediastor and deliverer should we look for then?
A. One whom is truly human and truly righteous, yet more powerful that all creatures, that is, one who is also true God.
Rom. 1:3; 1Cor. 15:21; Heb. 2:17
Isa. 53:9; 2Cor. 5:21; Heb. 7:26
Isa. 7:14; 9:6; Jer. 33:6; John 1:1
Q. 16. Why must he be truly human and truly righteous?
A. God’s justice demands that human nature, which has sinned, must pay for its sin, but a sinner could never pay for others.
Rom. 5:12, 15; 1Cor. 5:21; Heb. 2:14-16
Heb. 7:26-27; 1Pet. 3:18