Catechism 


Since no one can keep the law, what is its purpose?

    That we may know the holy nature and will of God, and the sinful nature and disobedience of our hearts; and thus our need of a Savior. The law also teaches and exhorts us to live a life worthy of our Savior.

    Romans 3:20

    For by works of the law no human being will be justified in God’s sight, since through the law comes knowledge of sin.

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    Did God create us unable to keep his law?

      No, but because of the disobedience of our first parents, Adam and Eve, all of creation is fallen; we are all born in sin and guilt, corrupt in our nature and unable to keep God’s law.

      Romans 5:12

      Therefore, just as sin came into the world through one man, and death through sin, and so death spread to all men because all sinned.

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      What does God require in the sixth, seventh, and eighth commandments?

        Sixth, that we do not hurt, or hate, or be hostile to our neighbor, but be patient and peaceful, pursuing even our enemies with love. Seventh, that we abstain from sexual immorality and live purely and faithfully, whether in marriage or in single life, avoiding all impure actions, looks, words, thoughts, or desires, and whatever might lead to them. Eighth, that we do not take without permission that which belongs to someone else, nor withhold any good from someone we might benefit.

        Romans 13:9

        For the commandments, “You shall not commit adultery, You shall not murder, You shall not steal, You shall not covet,” and any other commandment, are summed up in this word: “You shall love your neighbor as yourself.”

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        Q. 140  Why did Christ command us to call God “our Father”

        A.  At the very beginning of our prayer Christ wants to kindle in us what is basic to our prayer–the childlike awe and trust that God through Christ has become our Father.  Our fathers do not refuse us the things of this life; God our Father will even less refuse to give us what we ask in faith.

        Matt. 7:9-11; Luke 11:11-13


        Q. 141  Why the words “in heaven”?



        A.  These words teach us not to think of God’s heavenly majesty as something earthly,  and to expect everything for body and soul from his almighty power.

        Jer. 23:23-24; Acts 17:24-25
        Matt. 6:25-34; Rom. 8:31-32

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        ​Q. 131 What is the tenth Commandment?

        A. Thou shalt not covet thy Neighbours House, nor his Wife, nor his Servant, nor his Maid, nor his Ox, nor his Ass, nor any thing that is his.

        Exo. 20.17.

        Q. 132  What is God’s will for you in the tenth commandment?

        A.  That not even the slightest thought or desire contrary to any one of God’s commandments should ever arise in my heart.  Rather, with all my heart I should always hate sin and take pleasure in whatever is right.

        Ps. 19:7-14; 139:23-24; Rom. 7:7-8

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        Q. 112  Is blasphemy of God’s name by swearing and cursing really such serious sin that God is angry also with those who do not do all they can to help prevent it and forbid it?

        A.  Yes, indeed.  No sin is greater, no sin makes God more angry than blaspheming his name. That is why he commanded the death penalty for it.

        Lev. 5:1

        Lev. 24:10-17

        Q. 113  But may we swear an oath in God’s name if we do it reverently?

        A.  Yes, when the government demands it, or when necessity requires it, in order to maintain and promote truth and trustworthiness for God’s glory and our neighbor’s good.  Such oaths are approved in God’s Word and were rightly used by Old and New Testament believers.

        Deut. 6:13; 10:20; Jer. 4:1-2; Heb. 6:16

        Gen. 21:24; Josh. 9:15; 1 Kings 1:29-30; Rom. 1:9; 2 Cor. 1:23

        Q. 114  May we swear by saints or other creatures?

        A.  No.  A legitimate oath means calling upon God as the one who knows my heart to witness to my truthfulness and to punish me if I swear falsely. No creature is worthy of such honor.

        Rom. 9:1; 2 Cor. 1:23

        Matt. 5:34-37; 23:16-22; James 5:12