Catechism


What sort of Redeemer is needed to bring us back to God?

    One who is truly human and also truly God.

    Isaiah 9:6

    For to us a child is born, to us a son is given; and the government shall be upon his shoulder, and his name shall be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.

    Why must the Redeemer be truly human?

      That in human nature he might on our behalf perfectly obey the whole law and suffer the punishment for human sin; and also that he might sympathize with our weaknesses.

      Hebrews 2:17

      Therefore he had to be made like his brothers in every respect, so that he might become a merciful and faithful high priest in the service of God, to make propitiation for the sins of the people.

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      Catechism 


      Since no one can keep the law, what is its purpose?

        That we may know the holy nature and will of God, and the sinful nature and disobedience of our hearts; and thus our need of a Savior. The law also teaches and exhorts us to live a life worthy of our Savior.

        Romans 3:20

        For by works of the law no human being will be justified in God’s sight, since through the law comes knowledge of sin.

        Catechism


        What does God require in the fourth and fifth commandments?

          Fourth, that on the Sabbath day we spend time in public and private worship of God, rest from routine employment, serve the Lord and others, and so anticipate the eternal Sabbath. Fifth, that we love and honor our father and our mother, submitting to their godly discipline and direction.

          Leviticus 19:3

          Every one of you shall revere his mother and his father, and you shall keep my Sabbaths: I am the Lord your God.

          Catechism


          What does God require in the first, second, and third commandments?

            First, that we know and trust God as the only true and living God.Second, that we avoid all idolatry and do not worship God improperly. Third, that we treat God’s name with fear and reverence, honoring also his Word and works.

            Deuteronomy 6:13–14

            It is the Lord your God you shall fear. Him you shall serve and by his name you shall swear. You shall not go after other gods, the gods of the peoples who are around you.

            Catechism


            How can we glorify God?

              We glorify God by enjoying him, loving him, trusting him, and by obeying his will, commandsand law.

              Deuteronomy 11:1

              You shall therefore love the Lord your God and keep his charge, his statutes, his rules, and his commandments always.

              Catechism 


              How and why did God create us?

                God created us male and female in his own image to know him, love him, live with him, and glorify him. And it is right that we who were created by God should live to his glory.

                Genesis 1:27

                So God created man in his own image, in the image of God he created him; male and female he created them.

                Catechism 


                How many persons are there in God?

                  There are three persons in the one true and living God: the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. They are the same in substance, equal in power and glory.

                  2 Corinthians 13:14

                  The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ and the love of God and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit be with you all.

                  Catechism


                  Q. 135 Why do Christians need to pray?
                  A. Because prayer is the most important part of the thankfulness God requires of us. And also because God gives his grace and Holy Spirit only to those who pray continually and groan inwardly, asking God for these gifts and thanking him for them.

                  Ps. 50:14-15; 116:12-19; 1 Thess. 5:16-18
                  Matt. 7:7-8; Luke 11:9-13

                  Q. 136 How does God want us to pray so that he will listen to us?
                  A. First, we must pray from the heart to no other than the one true God, who has revealed himself in his Word, asking for everything he has commanded us to ask for. Second, we must acknowledge our need and misery, hiding nothing, and humble ourselves in his majestic presence. Third, we must rest on this unshakable foundation: even though we do not deserve it, God will surely listen to our prayer because of Christ our Lord. That is what he promised us in his Word.

                  Ps. 145:18-20; John 4:22-24; Rom. 8:26-27; James 1:5; 1 John 5:14-15
                  2 Chron. 7:14; Ps. 2:11; 34:18; 62:8; Isa. 66:2; Rev. 4
                  Dan. 9:17-19; Matt. 7:8; John 14:13-14; 16:23; Rom. 10:13; James 1:6

                  Catechism



                  Q. 133 But can those converted to God obey these commandments perfectly?

                  A. No. In this life even the holiest have only a small beginning of this obedience. Nevertheless, with all seriousness of purpose, they do begin to live according to all, not only some, of God’s commandments.

                  Eccles. 7:20; Rom. 7:14-15; 1 Cor. 13:9; 1 John 1:8-10
                  Ps. 1:1-2; Rom. 7:22-25; Phil. 3:12-16

                  Q. 134 No one in this life can obey the Ten Commandments perfectly: why then does God want them preached so pointedly?

                  A. First, so that the longer we live the more we may come to know our sinfulness and the more eagerly look to Christ for forgiveness of sins and righteousness. Second, so that, while praying to God for the grace of the Holy Spirit, we may never stop striving to be renewed more and more after God’s image, until after this life we reach our goal: perfection.

                  Ps. 32:5; Rom. 3:19-26; 7:7, 24-25; 1 John 1:9
                  1 Cor. 9:24; Phil. 3:12-14; 1 John 3:1-3

                  Catechism


                  Q. 115. What is the fourth Commandment?

                  A. Remember that thou keep holy the Sabbath Day: six Days should thou labor, and do all that thou hast to do, but the seventh Day is the Sabbath of the Lord thy God, in it thou should do no manner of Work, Thou, nor thy Son, nor thy Daughter, thy Man-Servant, nor thy Maid-Servant, nor they Cattel, nor the Stranger that is within thy Gates: for in six Days the Lord made Heaven, and Earth, the Sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day, and hallowed it.

                  Q. 116  What is God’s will for you in the fourth commandment?

                  A.  First, that the gospel ministry and education for it be maintained, and that, especially on the festive day of rest, I regularly attend the assembly  of God’s people  to learn what God’s Word teaches,  to participate in the sacraments,  to pray to God publicly,  and to bring Christian offerings for the poor.   Second, that every day of my life I rest from my evil ways, let the Lord work in me through his Spirit, and so begin already in this life the eternal Sabbath.

                  Deut. 6:4-9, 20-25; 1 Cor. 9:13-14; 2 Tim. 2:2; 3:13-17; Tit. 1:5

                  Deut. 12:5-12; Ps. 40:9-10; 68:26; Acts 2:42-47; Heb. 10:23-25

                  Rom. 10:14-17; 1 Cor. 14:31-32; 1 Tim. 4:13

                  1 Cor. 11:23-25

                  Col. 3:16; 1 Tim. 2:1

                  Ps. 50:14; 1 Cor. 16:2; 2 Cor. 8 & 9

                  Isa. 66:23; Heb. 4:9-11