Catechism


Q. Do we come into the world as upright as
did our first parent?

A. No: he came into the world sinless, being made so of God Almighty, but we came into the world sinners, being made
so by his pollution.

Q. How does it appear that we came into the
world polluted?

A. We are the fruit of an unclean thing, are defiled in our very
conception, and are by nature the children of
wrath (Job 14:4; Psa 51:5; Eph 2:3).

Q. Can you make further proof of this?

A. Yes, it is said, That by one man came sin,
death, judgment, and condemnation upon all
men (Rom 5:12-19).

Q. Do we then come sinners into the world?

A. Yes, we are transgressors from the womb,
and go astray as soon as we are born, speaking
lies (Isa 48:8; Psa 58:3).

Q. But as Adam fell with us in him, so did he
not by faith rise with us in him? for he had no
seed until he had the promise.

A. He fell as a public person (ie: Federal Head), but believed the promise as a single person. Adam’s faith saved not the world, though Adam’s sin overthrew it.

Q. But do not some hold that we are sinners
only by imitation?

A. Yes, being themselves deceived. But God’s word saith, we are children of wrath by nature, that is, by birth and
generation.

Q. Can you bring further proof of this?

A. Yes: in that day that we were born, we were
polluted in our own blood, and cast out to the
loathing of our persons. Again, the children of
old that were dedicated unto the Lord, a
sacrifice was offered for them at a month old,
which was before they were sinners by
imitation (Eze 16:4-9; Num 18:14-16).

Q. Can you make this appear by experience?

A. Yes: the first things that bloom andput forth themselves in children, show their ignorance of God, their disobedience to parents, and their innate enmity to holiness of life; their
inclinations naturally run to vanity. Besides little children die, but that they could not, were they not of God counted sinners; for death is the wages of sin (Rom 6:23).

Q. What is sin?

A. It is a transgression of
the law (1 John 3:4).

Q. A transgression of what law?

A. Of the law of our nature, and of the law of the ten
commandments as written in the holy scriptures (Rom 2:12-15; Exo 20).

Q. When doth one sin against the law of
nature?

A. When you do anything that your conscience tells you is a transgression against God or man (Rom 2:14,15).

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Catechism


Q. Do men go body and soul to hell so soon as they die?

A. The body abides in the grave
till the sound of the last trump; but the soul, if the man dies wicked, goes presently from the face of God into hell, as into a prison, there to
be kept till the day of judgment

(1 Cor 15:52; Isa 24:22; Luke 12:20).

Catechism


Q. What was the due desert of that transgression?

A. Spiritual death in the day he did it, temporal death afterwards, and everlasting death last of all (Gen 2:17, 3:19; Matt 25:46).

Q. What is it to be spiritually dead?

A. To be alienate from God, and to live without him in the world, through the ignorance that is in man, and through the power of their sins (Eph 4:18,19).

Catechism


Q. How did God make man in the day of his first creation?

A. God made man upright (Eccl7:29). ‘In the image of God created he him’ (Gen 1:27).

Q. Did God, when he made man, leave him without a rule to walk by?

A. No: he gave him a law in his nature, and imposed upon him a
positive precept, but he offered violence to them, and broke them both (Gen 3:3,6).

Catechism


Q. Is not the soul then of the nature of the Godhead?

A. No, for God cannot sin, but the soul does: God cannot be destroyed in hell, but the souls of the impenitent shall (Eze 18:4; Matt
10:28).

Catechism


Since I didn’t post last Sunday’s catechism there are two questions today.

Q. Of what did God make man?

A. ‘The LORD God formed man of the dust of the
ground, and breathed into his nostrils the
breath of life; and man became a living soul’
(Gen 2:7).

Q. Why does it say, God breathed into him
the breath of life; is man’s soul of the very nature of the Godhead?

A. This does not teach that the soul is of the nature of the Godhead,
but shows that it is not of the same matter as
his body, which is dust (Gen 18:27).

Catechism


Q. How long was he in making the world?

A. ‘In six days the Lord made heaven and earth,
the sea, and all that in them is’ (Exo 20:11).
‘And on the seventh day God ended his work
which he had made’ (Gen 2:2).

Catechism


Q. Is he known by his word?

A. Yes, most clearly: for by that he revealeth his attributes, his decrees, his promises, his way of worship,
and how he is to be pleased by us.

Catechism


Q. Is he known by his judgments?

A. ‘The Lord has made himself known; he has executed judgment; the wicked are snared in the work of their own hands. ’ (Psa 9:16)

Catechism


Q. Do his works of providence also declare
him?

A. They must needs do it, since through
his providence the whole creation is kept in
such harmony as it is, and that in despite of sin
and devils; also, if you consider that from an
angel to a sparrow, nothing falls to the ground
without the providence of our heavenly Father
Are not two sparrows sold for a penny? And not one of them will fall to the ground apart from your Father Matt. 10:29