Q. Do men go body and soul to hell so soon as they die?
A. The body abides in the grave
till the sound of the last trump; but the soul, if the man dies wicked, goes presently from the face of God into hell, as into a prison, there to
be kept till the day of judgment
(1 Cor 15:52; Isa 24:22; Luke 12:20).
Q. Where does this alienation from God
A. In the love they have to their sins, in their being loth to come to him, in their pleading idle excuses for their sins, and in their
ignorance of the excellent mysteries of his blessed gospel (Eph 2:2,3,11,12, 4:18,19; Rom1:28).
Q. What is temporal death?
A. To have body and soul separated asunder, the body
returning to the dust as it was, and the spirit to God that gave it (Gen 3:19; Eccl 12:7).
Q. What is everlasting death?
A. For body and soul to be separate for ever from God, and to be cast into hell fire (Luke 13:27; Mark 9:43).
Q. What was the due desert of that transgression?
A. Spiritual death in the day he did it, temporal death afterwards, and everlasting death last of all (Gen 2:17, 3:19; Matt 25:46).
Q. What is it to be spiritually dead?
A. To be alienate from God, and to live without him in the world, through the ignorance that is in man, and through the power of their sins (Eph 4:18,19).
Q. How did God make man in the day of his first creation?
A. God made man upright (Eccl7:29). ‘In the image of God created he him’ (Gen 1:27).
Q. Did God, when he made man, leave him without a rule to walk by?
A. No: he gave him a law in his nature, and imposed upon him a
positive precept, but he offered violence to them, and broke them both (Gen 3:3,6).
Q. Is not the soul then of the nature of the Godhead?
A. No, for God cannot sin, but the soul does: God cannot be destroyed in hell, but the souls of the impenitent shall (Eze 18:4; Matt
Since I didn’t post last Sunday’s catechism there are two questions today.
Q. Of what did God make man?
A. ‘The LORD God formed man of the dust of the
ground, and breathed into his nostrils the
breath of life; and man became a living soul’
Q. Why does it say, God breathed into him
the breath of life; is man’s soul of the very nature of the Godhead?
A. This does not teach that the soul is of the nature of the Godhead,
but shows that it is not of the same matter as
his body, which is dust (Gen 18:27).
Q. How long was he in making the world?
A. ‘In six days the Lord made heaven and earth,
the sea, and all that in them is’ (Exo 20:11).
‘And on the seventh day God ended his work
which he had made’ (Gen 2:2).
Q. Of what did God make the world?
A.‘Things which are seen were not made of things
which do appear’.
By faith we understand that the universe was created by the word of God, so that what is seen was not made out of things that are visible. Hebrews 11:3
Q. Is he known by his word?
A. Yes, most clearly: for by that he revealeth his attributes, his decrees, his promises, his way of worship,
and how he is to be pleased by us.
Q. Is he known by his judgments?
A. ‘The Lord has made himself known; he has executed judgment; the wicked are snared in the work of their own hands. ’ (Psa 9:16)