So today’s Theology Thursday is about Convant Theology. And Amy Mantravadi has given a series of posts about what Covenant Theology is that is part of an on going series. Here’s the first few.
Old Covenant vs New Covenant: New Covenant Described
Old Covenant vs New Covenant: Membership
Old Covenant vs New Covenant: Types and Shadows
Old Covenant vs New Covenant: Mediation
What is the church?
2 Thessalonians 2:13
But we ought always to give thanks to God for you, brothers beloved by the Lord, because God chose you as the firstfruits to be saved, through sanctification by the Spirit and belief in the truth.
Does the Lord’s Supper add anything to Christ’s atoning work?
1 Peter 3:18
For Christ also suffered once for sins, the righteous for the unrighteous, that he might bring us to God
Today’s article comes from Monergism.com.
Justification by Faith: Reformed and Roman Catholic Positions
BY BILL MAYK
Arguably there has been no time since the Counter Reformation with as great an impetus to examine the Protestant and Catholic doctrines of Justification by faith as there is today. Current dialogues between various Protestant groups and Roman Catholics have given rise to calls for unity as well as warnings against departure from the true faith. While formulating the document, Evangelicals & Catholics Together: The Christian Mission in the Third Millennium attempts were made to find a common language concerning justification upon which both groups could agree. However, due to various distortions and misunderstandings factions on both sides have found difficulty with such an attempt.
Nevertheless, it is the view of this writer that the difference between the Roman Catholic and Protestant teachings on justification is more than semantics or mere theological misunderstanding. Furthermore, the Reformed position of “justification by faith alone in Christ alone” is not only the proper Biblical teaching on the subject, but it cannot be fully reconciled with the Roman Catholic view of the same doctrine. This paper will attempt to demonstrate how theology and Biblical interpretation have led to conflicting positions on justification, and that the conclusions of the Roman church and those of the Reformed churches are incompatible with one another.
While approaching the historic debate on justification from the perspective of linguistic theory, Christian Barrigar proposed that semantic differences led to the discord between Catholics and Protestants during the Reformation. If this were the case, a reexamination of the significant church statements, in light of Scriptural evidence, should easily clear up confusion and promote mutual understanding between the major factions. However, even the Vatican has stated that it cannot reach a consensus affirming that the differences concerning justification are simple matters of language or emphasis.
Nevertheless, the most important question within the focus of language is not how present day Catholics or Protestants define terms such as “faith” and “justification”, but what the various authors of the Bible meant by them. Without a proper understanding of this issue, Gerhard Forde, a Lutheran Theologian, believes that attempts to find commonality in the doctrine will ultimately obscure the main elements of the teaching.
(Read the entire article here)
Is baptism with water the washing away of sin itself?
John answered them all, saying, “I baptize you with water, but he who is mightier than I is coming, the strap of whose sandals I am not worthy to untie. He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and fire
What is baptism?
Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spiri
What are the sacraments or ordinances?
Romans 6:4 and Luke 22:19–20
We were buried therefore with him by baptism into death, in order that, just as Christ was raised from the dead by the glory of the Father, we too might walk in newness of life.
And he took bread, and when he had given thanks, he broke it and gave it to them, saying, “This is my body, which is given for you. Do this in remembrance of me.” And likewise the cup after they had eaten, saying, “This cup that is poured out for you is the new covenant in my blood.”
How is the Word of God to be read and heard?
2 Timothy 3:16–17
All Scripture is breathed out by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness, that the man of God may be complete, equipped for every good work.
What is the Lord’s Prayer?
Pray then like this: “Our Father in heaven, hallowed be your name…”