Q. 119. What is the sixth Commandment?
A. Thou shalt do no Murder.
Q. 120 What is God’s will for you in the sixth commandment?
A. I am not to belittle, insult, hate, or kill my neighbor–not by my thoughts, my words, my look or gesture, and certainly not by actual deeds– and I am not to be party to this in others; rather, I am to put away all desire for revenge. I am not to harm or recklessly endanger myself either. Prevention of murder is also why government is armed with the sword.
Gen. 9:6; Lev. 19:17-18; Matt. 5:21-22; 26:52
Prov. 25:21-22; Matt. 18:35; Rom. 12:19; Eph. 4:26
Matt. 4:7; 26:52; Rom. 13:11-14
Gen. 9:6; Ex. 21:14; Rom. 13:4
Q. 121 Does this commandment refer only to killing?
A. By forbidding murder God teaches us that he hates the root of murder: envy, hatred, anger, vindictiveness. In God’s sight all such are murder.
Prov. 14:30; Rom. 1:29; 12:19; Gal. 5:19-21; 1 John 2:9-11
1 John 3:15
Q. 122 Is it enough then that we do not kill our neighbor in any such way?
A. No. By condemning envy, hatred, and anger God tells us to love our neighbors as ourselves, to be patient, peace-loving, gentle, merciful, and friendly to them, to protect them from harm as much as we can, and to do good even to our enemies.
Matt. 7:12; 22:39; Rom. 12:10
Matt. 5:3-12; Luke 6:36; Rom. 12:10, 18; Gal. 6:1-2; Eph. 4:2; Col. 3:12; 1 Pet. 3:8
Ex. 23:4-5; Matt. 5:44-45; Rom. 12:20-21 (Prov. 25:21-22)