Q. 38. What is adoption?

A. Adoption is an act of God’s free grace, whereby we are received into the number, and have a right to all the privileges of the sons of God.

See what kind of love the Father has given to us, that we should be called children of God; and so we are. The reason why the world does not know us is that it did not know him. 1 John 3:1

But to all who did receive him, who believed in his name, he gave the right to become children of God, John 1:12

The Spirit himself bears witness with our spirit that we are children of God, and if children, then heirs—heirs of God and fellow heirs with Christ, provided we suffer with him in order that we may also be glorified with him.  Romans 8:16-17

Movie Review: How to Answer a Fool


When I became a Christian one of the first things I came across was those people who didn’t believe my world view was true.  In order to combat that I read apologetic books whose purpose was to give enough evidence to prove to anyone with an open mind that the truth claims of Christianity  were true. 

I now know I had fallen into a non-biblical mindset.  I had assumed that people were neutral and that if presented with enough facts they would choose the truth.  In reality sinful fallen men are God hating rebels who reject the truth about God any chance they get. 

Presuppositional apologetics teaches you how to answer these people in a God honoring biblical method.  Sye Ten Bruggencate in this movie shows you how to do presuppositional apologetics.  Now let me be honest, I think this movie is great and the work book that comes with it is good.  But to really learn presuppositional apologetics it will take more than just this movie, there are excellent books out on presuppositional apologetics and they should be your number one source for primary information.  However, this film shows how you can put this teaching to use.  Sye is smart, magnetic,  and cares about the people who he interacts with. 

One of the other things I like about this film is that Sye leaves in the non-flattering parts too.  For instance this clip:

Sye is trying to interact with this man (leather coat, reading glasses, microphone in front of him) and is asking on what is his ultimate authority based on and his reply is an  aggregate of polysyllabic words that Sye doesn’t understand, I didn’t understand it and I’d like a transcript so I can actually see what he is trying to say.  But Sye’s interlocutor is using a cheap trick of talking over his head to attempt to show that Sye is ignorant and to avoid answering to question.  And Sye keeps it in, that is the important part.  He shows that your going to meet people who don’t answer and instead try to baffle you and try to convince those around that they actually know something, when in fact they are fools. Ps. 14:1

Go buy this movie here How to Answer the Fool  I give it five out of five.

Movie Review: Man of Steel


In 1938 two Jewish high school friends dreams were realized with the publication of Action #1 where a man in a blue union suit with a red cape and a stylized “S” on his chest picked up a car over his head.


This modern American Samson has been portrayed in a variety of films. But make no mistake this isn’t your father’s Superman. And since my first exposure to the character was George Reeves this current incarnation of the character has changed greatly.


But before I get into a discussion of the Man of Steel let warn you ahead of time there will be spoilers so if you haven’t seen the movie then page down to the end see what I give it and then come back after you see it.


Now that the boiler plate has been dealt with lets get on with the movie review. I queried many people who had seen the movie over the weekend and the spectrum of responses varied to both extremes. Many loved it, almost as many hated it, and some stayed in the middle.


The story of Superman is well known and the most recent version of it was with the late Christopher Reeve but Zach Synder’s planet of Krypton isn’t the crystalline structure of the 1978 Superman, in fact it is so different if you’ve seen the 1978 version your jaw might drop. You meet Jor-El and Lar-El with Lar-El giving birth to the young Kal-El. But Jor-El already knows that this life, new to Krypton, is just the last revelation that Krypton is a dying world. Jor-El pleads with the high council for the key to Krypton’s future: the codex. Into this burst General Zod in a coup attempt against the high council. Zod attempts to recruit Jor-El as part of his rebel army but Jor-El refuses. Later Jor-El steals the codex and places it into his young son Kal-El. Zod breaks into Jor-El’s home to demand the codex only to find out that it is gone and that Jor-El has broken with Kryptonian tradition an had a child naturally. Zod crying blasphemy kills Jor-El but is arrested along with his band as the space ship carrying Kal-El flies out of the Kryptonian galaxy and into the Terran one.


Zod and crew are condemned to the phantom zone. Kal-El lands on earth. Then we see the adult Kal-El working as an itinerant worker going from job to job searching for answers. Sometimes he must show his powers by saving people, and I have to say the scene with the oil rig was amazing. Interspersed amongst this is how Kal-El, now Clark Kent, grew up. How he learned to focus and control his powers because they seem to be all working at once. Along with that is Jonathan Kent, perfectly played by Kevin Costner, guiding him telling him that the time isn’t yet right for him to reveal who he is, this is poignantly expressed by Jonathan’s final act to keep Clark’s secret.


But Clark in the far north finally does discover his heritage and who his parents were and what planet he has come from and at the moment General Zod re-enters the scene.


Okay I like this movie and let me be blunt if you haven’t ever read a Superman comic book in your entire life, you may like this movie. Yet having said that there are some die hard fans that hate this movie and frankly while they have some valid concerns I think they are being too critical.


Those folks who haven’t read the Superman comic books (shame on you) have told me they found the film too disjointed the flashbacks coming at what they thought were the wrong moments and that the last forty-five minutes of the movie a waste of time. Yet even they gave it a three out of five.


So what is the verdict? I give the Man of Steel four out of five big red capes. Go enjoy the movie.



Q. 37. What is justification?

A. Justification is an act of God’s free grace, wherein He pardons all our sins, and accepts us as righteous in His sight, only for the righteousness of Christ imputed to us, and received by faith alone.

and are justified by his grace as a gift, through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus Romans 3:24

In him we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of our trespasses, according to the riches of his grace,  Ephesians 1:7

For our sake he made him to be sin who knew no sin, so that in him we might become the righteousness of God.  2 Corinthians 5:21

For as by the one man’s disobedience the many were made sinners, so by the one man’s obedience the many will be made righteous.  Romans 5:19

and be found in him, not having a righteousness of my own that comes from the law, but that which comes through faith in Christ, the righteousness from God that depends on faith—
Philippians 3:9

yet we know that a person is not justified by works of the law but through faith in Jesus Christ, so we also have believed in Christ Jesus, in order to be justified by faith in Christ and not by works of the law, because by works of the law no one will be justified.  Galatians 2:16